Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia:
1. That §§58.1-4030 and 58.1-4039 of the Code of Virginia are amended and reenacted as follows:
As used in this article, unless the context requires a different meaning:
"Adjusted gross revenue" means gross revenue minus:
1. All cash and the cash value of merchandise paid out as winnings to bettors, and the value of all bonuses or promotions provided to patrons as an incentive to place or as a result of their having placed Internet sports betting wagers;
2. Uncollectible gaming receivables, which shall not exceed two percent, or a different percentage as determined by the Board pursuant to subsection F of §58.1-4007, of gross revenue minus all cash paid out as winnings to bettors;
3. If the permit holder is a significant infrastructure limited licensee, as defined in §59.1-365, any funds paid into the horsemen's purse account pursuant to the provisions of subdivision 14 of §59.1-369; and
4. All excise taxes on sports betting paid pursuant to federal law.
"Amateur sports" means any sports or athletic event
that is not professional sports, college sports,
college sports, or youth sports.
"Amateur sports" includes domestic, international, and Olympic sports
or athletic events. "Amateur sports" does not include charitable
gaming, as defined in §18.2-340.16; fantasy contests, as defined in §
59.1-556; or horse racing, as defined in §59.1-365.
"College sports" means an athletic event
(i) in which at least one
participant is a team from a public or private institution of higher education,
regardless of where such institution is located ,
and (ii) that does not include a team from a Virginia public or private
institution of higher education.
"Covered persons" means athletes; umpires, referees, and officials; personnel associated with clubs, teams, leagues, and athletic associations; medical professionals and athletic trainers who provide services to athletes and players; and the immediate family members and associates of such persons.
"Gross revenue" means the total of all cash, property, or any other form of remuneration, whether collected or not, received by a permittee from its sports betting operations.
"Major league sports franchise" means a professional baseball, basketball, football, hockey, or soccer team that is at the highest-level league of play for its respective sport.
"Motor sports facility" means an outdoor motor sports facility that hosts a National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) national touring race.
"Official league data" means statistics, results, outcomes, and other data relating to a professional sports event obtained by a permit holder under an agreement with a sports governing body or with an entity expressly authorized by a sports governing body for determining the outcome of tier 2 bets.
"Permit holder" means a person to which the Director issues a permit pursuant to §§58.1-4032 and 58.1-4033.
"Personal biometric data" means any information about an athlete that is derived from his DNA, heart rate, blood pressure, perspiration rate, internal or external body temperature, hormone levels, glucose levels, hydration levels, vitamin levels, bone density, muscle density, or sleep patterns, or other information as may be prescribed by the Board by regulation.
"Principal" means any individual who solely or together with his immediate family members (i) owns or controls, directly or indirectly, five percent or more of the pecuniary interest in any entity that is a permit holder or (ii) has the power to vote or cause the vote of five percent or more of the voting securities or other ownership interests of such entity. "Principal" includes any individual who is employed in a managerial capacity for a sports betting platform or sports betting facility on behalf of a permit holder.
"Professional sports" means an athletic event involving at least two human competitors who receive compensation, in excess of their expenses, for participating in such event. "Professional sports" does not include charitable gaming, as defined in §18.2-340.16; fantasy contests, as defined in §59.1-556; or horse racing, as defined in § 59.1-365.
"Prohibited conduct" means any statement, action, or other communication intended to influence, manipulate, or control a betting outcome of a sports event or of any individual occurrence or performance in a sports event in exchange for financial gain or to avoid financial or physical harm. "Prohibited conduct" includes statements, actions, and communications made to a covered person by a third party. "Prohibited conduct" does not include statements, actions, or communications made or sanctioned by a sports team or sports governing body.
"Proposition bet" means a bet on an individual action, statistic, occurrence, or non-occurrence to be determined during an athletic event and includes any such action, statistic, occurrence, or non-occurrence that does not directly affect the final outcome of the athletic event to which it relates.
"Sports betting" means placing wagers on
professional sports, college sports, amateur sports, sporting events, or any
other event approved by the Director, and any portion thereof, and includes
placing wagers related to the individual performance statistics of athletes in
such sports and events. "Sports betting" includes any system or
method of wagering approved by the Director, including single-game bets, teaser
bets, parlays, over-under, moneyline, pools, exchange wagering, in-game
wagering, in-play bets, proposition bets, and straight bets. "Sports
betting" does not include participating in charitable gaming authorized by
Article 1.1:1 (§18.2-340.15 et seq.) of Chapter 8 of Title 18.2; participating
in any lottery game authorized under Article 1 (§58.1-4000 et seq.); wagering
on horse racing authorized by Chapter 29 (§59.1-364 et seq.) of Title 59.1; or
participating in fantasy contests authorized by Chapter 51 (§59.1-556 et seq.)
of Title 59.1.
betting" does not include placing a wager on a college sports event in
which a Virginia public or private institution of higher education is a
"Sports betting facility" means an area, kiosk, or device located inside a casino gaming establishment licensed pursuant to Chapter 41 (§58.1-4100 et seq.) that is designated for sports betting.
"Sports betting permit" means a permit to operate a sports betting platform or sports betting facility issued pursuant to the provisions of §§58.1-4032, 58.1-4033, and 58.1-4034.
"Sports betting platform" means a website, app, or other platform accessible via the Internet or mobile, wireless, or similar communications technology that sports bettors use to participate in sports betting.
"Sports betting program" means the program established by the Board to allow sports betting as described in this article.
"Sports bettor" means a person physically located in Virginia who participates in sports betting.
"Sports event" or "sporting event" means professional sports, college sports, amateur sports, and any athletic event, motor race event, electronic sports event, competitive video game event, or any other event approved by the Director.
"Sports governing body" means an organization, headquartered in the United States, that prescribes rules and enforces codes of conduct with respect to a professional sports or college sports event and the participants therein. "Sports governing body" includes a designee of the sports governing body.
"Stadium" means the physical facility that is the primary location at which a major league sports franchise hosts athletic events and any appurtenant facilities.
"Tier 1 bet" means a bet that is placed using the Internet and that is not a tier 2 bet.
"Tier 2 bet" means a bet that is placed using the Internet and that is placed after the event it concerns has started.
college sports" means an athletic event in which at least one participant
is a team from a Virginia public or private institution of higher education.
"Youth sports" means an athletic event (i) involving a majority of participants under age 18 or (ii) in which at least one participant is a team from a public or private elementary, middle, or secondary school, regardless of where such school is located. However, if an athletic event meets the definition of college sports or professional sports, such event shall not be considered youth sports regardless of the age of the participants. An international athletic event organized by the International Olympic Committee shall not be considered to be youth sports, regardless of the age of the participants.
§58.1-4039. Events on which betting is prohibited; penalty.
A. 1. No person shall place or accept a bet on youth sports.
2. No person shall place or accept a proposition bet on college sports.
3. No person shall
place or accept a bet on Virginia college sports.
B. 1. A sports governing body may notify the Department that it desires to restrict, limit, or prohibit sports betting on its sporting events by providing notice in accordance with requirements prescribed by the Director. A sports governing body also may request to restrict the types of bets that may be offered. Notwithstanding §58.1-4030, for purposes of this section, "sports governing body" includes any organization that is not headquartered in the United States and that otherwise meets the definition of "sports governing body."
2. For any request made pursuant to subdivision 1, the requester shall bear the burden of establishing to the satisfaction of the Director that the relevant betting or other activity poses a significant and unreasonable integrity risk. The Director shall seek input from affected permit holders before making a determination on such request.
3. If the Director denies a request made pursuant to subdivision 1, the Director shall give the requester notice and the right to be heard and offer proof in opposition to such determination in accordance with regulations established by the Board. If the Director grants a request, the Board shall promulgate by regulation such restrictions, limitations, or prohibitions as may be requested.
4. A permit holder shall not offer or take any bets in violation of regulations promulgated by the Board pursuant to this subsection.
prohibitions prohibition in subdivisions subdivision A 1 and
A 3 shall be limited to the
single game or match in which a youth sports or
Virginia college sports team is
a participant. The prohibitions prohibition shall not be construed to prohibit betting on other games
in a tournament or multigame event in which a youth sports or
Virginia college sports team
participates, so long as such other games do not have a participant that is a
youth sports or
Virginia college sports team.
D. Any person convicted of violating this section is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
2. That the fourth enactment of Chapter 1197 and the fourth enactment of Chapter 1248 of the Acts of Assembly of 2020 are amended and reenacted as follows:
4. That if the Virginia Lottery (the Lottery) administers a
program under which the Lottery issues licenses or permits to operate online
sports betting platforms or sports betting facilities, the Lottery shall issue
any such licenses or permits to any casino gaming operator licensed under
Article 3 (§58.1-4108 et seq.) of Chapter 41 of Title 58.1 of the Code of
Virginia, as created by this act, regardless of whether such casino gaming
operator otherwise meets the requirements for obtaining such license or permit.
Any casino gaming operator receiving a license or permit to operate an online
sports betting platform and a sports betting facility pursuant to the
provisions of this enactment shall be subject to all Virginia statutory or
regulatory laws governing sports betting, including: (i) laws defining sports
betting and prohibiting any activities related thereto; (ii) fees for
applications, licenses, and permits, and any other payments required by the
Lottery; and (iii) taxes for offering sports betting.
any law to the contrary, a casino gaming operator receiving a license or permit
to operate an online sports betting platform or a sports betting facility
pursuant to the provisions of this enactment shall not allow wagering on any
athletic event in which at least one participant is a team from a Virginia
public or private institution of higher education. Any license or permit issued pursuant to the provisions
of this enactment shall expire whenever the casino gaming operator is no longer
licensed under Article 3 (§58.1-4108 et seq.) of Chapter 41 of Title 58.1 of
the Code of Virginia, as created by this act.